The Tennessee legislature has established a procedure for restoring citizenship for people convicted of "notorious" crime, more commonly known as "crime." Restoration of citizenship has some limitations, but it largely restores the level of one civil society to that of a convict.
The Tennessee Code, incorporated by 40-29-101 through 40-29-106, sets out the requirements for restoring another citizenship. The law has changed so that the rules applicable to anyone convicted (not charged, convicted) after June 30, 1996 are slightly different than before. Here we deal with persons sentenced after June 30, 1996.
Recovery can be accomplished through the governor's pardon or through mediation in a district court. Forgiveness can be difficult, so many individuals will have to file a petition with the arbitration court to restore citizenship. Jurisdiction is in two places: The country where the crime took place, and the country where the plaintiff is currently located. As a matter of practice, it is easier to mediate where the crime was committed, as the necessary documents on the crime are already available and easily accessible by the district prosecutor and the courts.
There are a few basic requirements that must be fulfilled before one is considered eligible to be restored. It is the applicant's responsibility to establish eligibility. The statement should show the reasons why it believes its rights should be restored, including to show that the "maximum penalty imposed by the court for a notorious crime" has expired, and that it is well-deserved. As for the crime and the punishment has expired, it has not arisen as a problem.
Suppose it is in favor of the plaintiff. The state may oppose the lawsuit, but the overwhelming evidence shows that "you have no jurisdiction to recover, or there is a well-founded reason to reject the motion." In practice, as long as there is no obvious reason for your rights not to be restored, the district attorney will be silent on the motion.
After filing the application, the court must give the district mayor 30 days' notice before the hearing is scheduled. If the crime has been in federal court, you should also be informed of the US attorney for the district where the crime took place.
After the hearings and the lawsuit, the court will sign the order and send a copy of the order to the elections in the state where you would vote. You must, however, bring your own certified copy of the order to the electoral commission to register for voting. People convicted of murder, rape, treason, or electoral fraud may never be restored to their right to vote.
Technically, restoring your rights under Tennessee law restores the right to have a long gun under state law (convicted of violent or drug-related offenses are expressly prohibited from possessing life-long weapons under TEC 39-17-1307). In general, federal law states that state restoration of rights enables federal restoration of rights. Unfortunately, federal law also says that you cannot have: any firearms if state law restricts the ownership of firearms. Therefore, it is legal to have a rifle under state law, but not federal law. Under federal law, keeping a firearm illegal requires a minimum of five years in prison.
All costs related to the restoration of rights must be borne by the plaintiff. Since the filing and recovery process is so complex, it is always advisable to get started with a legal counsel.